A sore throat is a common health ailment that may arise from throat irritation, microbial infection, or even both. While a mild and uncomplicated sore throat usually goes away on its own, natural remedies are also readily available to soothe the discomfort and irritation.
Here are some remedies from nature you may consider to soothe a sore throat:
Propolis has been commonly used worldwide as a traditional medicine since ancient times. Propolis comes from natural resins that bees collect from trees so as to build and protect their hives. Propolis owes its medicinal properties to the many components such as plant essential oils and flavonoids which have antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties. The soothing benefit of propolis for sore throat is even affirmed by a recent clinical trial in 2020 showing more patients treated with propolis had an earlier resolution of symptoms compared to those with no treatment.
The popular use of ginger to soothe throat irritations is supported by tradition and laboratory studies of its components. Compounds such as gingerols and shogaols found in ginger have been shown to possess antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities which could be beneficial in relieving sore throats.
The cooling sensation of peppermint has led to its wide application as a soothing remedy for various aches and pains, including that of the throat. Additionally, it also contains substances that may address the inflammation associated with a sore throat.
Sage is an herb native to the Middle East and Mediterranean areas. It is widely used to add flavor to dishes. In traditional medicine of Europe, sage has also been used in a variety of conditions including sore throat. Owing to this benefit of sage, its medicinal properties have been studied. In one clinical trial, it was found that a throat spray made with sage was able to achieve pain relief in patients with sore throat.
Clove oil contains eugenol, a substance known to possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving properties. One study reported that eugenol has wound-healing benefits for the mouth comparable with chlorhexidine.
These natural remedies are available in their raw form or in ready-to-use preparations and combinations such as teas, lozenges, and throat sprays. While these remedies may be helpful in soothing a sore throat, it still is best to consult your doctor especially when symptoms are persisting or worsening.
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Jesudasan J.S. et al. Effectiveness of 0.2% chlorhexidine gel and a eugenol-based paste on postoperative alveolar osteitis in patients having third molars extracted: a randomised controlled clinical trial. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015;53(9) 826-830.